The composition is often the key between decent landscape photo and excellent landscape photo. The aspect ratio of the picture can either make or break the entire form, by emphasizing the subject and eliminating distractions or putting the whole scene off-balance.
When you are looking through the viewfinder, and you are about the press the shutter, it would be good to imagine the final shot, which includes the aspect ratio as well.
In this case, you will be able to optimize your composition. If you are wondering how does each aspect ratio impacts your composition, well, we will try to explain that in this article.
1:1 –Square format
The square format is often used to place a subject at the center of the frame. In this case, you are keeping the width equal to the height. The square format provides us with an excellent opportunity to break the rules we often follow.
When you place a subject in the center of the frame, your composition will only get stronger. You will usually see a 1:1 aspect ratio used to emphasis minimalistic photos.
4:3 – Four-thirds format
This format is the default aspect ratio for cameras that use four-third sensors. This way, the picture is wider than it’s taller, envisioning that the eye naturally wants to more left-to-right through the image. Considering that photo is tall in relation to width, this ratio is excellent for leading the eye through the scene.
With the 4:3 format, you will be able to capture the depth of the scene, without shooting unnecessary details at the edge of the frame. The relative height of the photo will allow you the use of wide-angle focal lengths.
6:4 – 35 mm format (also called 3:2)
This type of ratio use cameras such as Nikon and Canon, it is a default aspect ratio of 35 mm film. In this case, the image is significantly wider than the height, and it promotes reading through the picture from left to right.
The only limitation of this aspect is that the height is much shorter in relation to the width. You will have a hard time capturing the foreground details using the wide-angle lens because you have limited vertical space. It can cause for a subject to lose impact and become too disparate.
However, this format is excellent for shooting pictures where there is little or no foreground interest. You can use mid-range focal lengths, such as 35mm.
16:9 – widescreen panoramic
The film which has an advanced photo system supports this format. Recently, it has become viral due to the prevalence of 16:9 aspect ratio displays at home. It is used with computers, monitors, and mobile devices.
With this format, the width of the photo is dominant, which means that leading the viewer in from the foreground is challenging. On the other hand, the form is perfect for presenting landscape scenes with the longer focal lengths from a distance. With the 16:9 format, you will be able to capture beautiful panoramic images.